How acne is developed and treatment recommendation for acne
Acne is a disease that affects the sebaceous glands (fat) of the skin. A few small holes in the skin (pores) connect to oil glands, which are located under the skin, with the outside of the skin. These glands produce a fatty substance called sebum. The pores connect to the glands with a small canal called a follicle. In the interior of the follicles, the sebum carries cells away dead skin to the surface of the skin.
Through the follicle grows a hair (vellus hair) that comes to the surface of the skin. When a follicle of a sebaceous gland becomes clogged, develops a “grain” or “shin”, which is also called comedo. The majority of the grains are localized on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders.
Acne is not a serious condition, do not jeopardize the health, but it may cause scars.
How acne is developed ?
Sometimes, the hair, sebum and skin cells will accumulate together in a plug. The bacteria contained in this cap to cause inflammation. When the plug starts to break down, appears the grain.
Existent several types of grains. The most common are:
White dots: Are the pimples that are located under the surface of the skin.
Black dots: They are beans that grow on the surface of the skin and look of that black color, that does not mean that there is dirt inside.
Pimples: Small grains of pink, tender to the touch Pustules. Small red bumps on the bottom, with pus at the tip Nodules. Grains of greater size, solid and painful, which are located deeply under the skin.
Cysts: Grains deep, painful and filled with pus, which are the ones that may produce scars
Who suffers from acne?
Acne is the skin disease more common. Suffering from acne for around 6% of the population, of all races and of any age. However it is much more common among adolescents and young adults. Almost 85% of young people between 12 and 24 years of age have acne. In the vast majority of cases, the acne just disappearing completely at the age of 30. Only a small percentage of people still have acne after 40 or 50 years.
Causes of acne ?
The cause of acne is unknown, although it is known that certain factors that are common among those who suffer from:
The hormonal development during the adolescence, that produces that clog the sebaceous glands most often The hormonal changes during the pregnancy to Start taking, or stop taking the contraceptive pill Inheritance. if the parents had acne, the children tend to have acne Certain medications.
However, it is known that they NOT cause acne, at least in the vast majority of people.
- The dirty skin.
- The stress
- Chocolate, fatty foods
And it is also known that there are factors that often make acne worse:
The changes of hormone levels in teenage girls and adult women 2 to 7 days before your period pressure or friction on the skin pressure in The helmet of the bicycle, backpack, or tight collars pollution and high humidity Handle, touch, squeeze, squeeze… the grains Rubbing hard on the skin.
Treatment of acne
Acne requires medical treatment, preferably after the consultation with the dermatologist. The goals of treatment are to: heal pimples, prevent formation of new pimples, prevent scarring and help to avoid the emotional impact and psychological acne.
To prevent scars, the ideal is the early treatment. The treatment will typically combine measures of the type of drug application on the skin, antibiotics and other medicines for oral administration, according to each case.
Recommendations for treatment of acne
People with acne should take into account the following recommendations for the care of your skin:
- Clean the skin with softness.
- Use a mild soap in the morning and at night, as well as after intense activity.
- Rub hard on the skin will not cure acne, but may even make it worse.
- Try not to touch the skin.
- The people that you touch, press or squeeze the grains are most likely to occur in scars.
Shave with care. Men can shave with both electric razor like with a razor blade. In general there is to shave gently and only when strictly necessary. It can also help to wash the beard with soap and water before applying the shaving foam. Careful with the sun. While in some cases the acne seems to improve after the sun exposure, some medications to treat the acne need of protection from the sun.
Too much solar radiation increases the risk of future wrinkles and skin cancer. Careful with the makeup. All cosmetics must be free of oil or grease. In some cosmetics this is called “non-comedogenic” on the label. However, some people continue to have acne despite using these products.